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Formed Joint 

Summary

Formed Joint
Formed Joint

Formed joints are joints created by formwork provided at the perimeter of each pour and use dowel systems to provide load transfer.

Technical Information

Formed Joint Detail
Formed Joint Detail
Formed joints mark the boundaries between separate pours of concrete. Some reasons a constructor might introduce these joints are:
  • They can only place a limited amount of concrete in one session.
  • They are limited by the design constraints of using certain types of slab i.e. in a jointless bay slab.
  • They are using the long strip method of construction to tighten the flatness tolerance of their slab – construction joints are provided between the strips.

Formed joints can act as free-movement joints, restrained-movement joints or tied joints, depending on the required capacity for movement in the local area of the slab; specialist racking systems may need a lower tolerance for movement than a jointless bay, for example.

Because construction joints are always situated on the edge of a pour, the arris on both sides of the joint may have been less well worked by the power trowel. This means that the concrete at the arris is likely to consist of less aggregate and excess cement paste, making the arrises less resistant to damage caused by traffic across the joint. Therefore, it is advisable to armour construction joints if they are going to be trafficked significantly, especially if they are also free-movement joints.

If a construction joint is unarmoured, extra care is needed when removing the temporary formwork to ensure no damage is inflicted on the arris.

Resources

  1.  The Concrete Society: Technical Report 34; Chapter 11.

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